News & Events

On May 21, 2012, an annular solar eclipse, a very rare celestial phenomenon, was observed across Japan.
We conducted web surveys in June 2012, August 2012, and December 2012 to figure out the effects of this annular solar eclipse on public awareness of science and technology in Japan.
Our results suggest that the general public showed increasing interest in space and celestial bodies, and that children are highly interested in science.

Shinya Yamanaka, a stem cell biologist at Kyoto University, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on October 8, 2012, from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden.
We conducted web surveys in November 2012, January 2013, and March 2013 to figure out the effects of the Nobel Prize win by Japanese scientists on public awareness of science and technology in Japan.
Our results suggest that women, in particular, showed increasing interest in the topics of the science and technology. Furthermore, children showed growing interest in research-oriented jobs.

This report summarizes the results of Japan’s first large-scale survey (responses from 743 university and 704 corporate researchers, covering patent applications from 2004 to 2007) of co-inventors from national universities and corporations engaged in university-industry collaborative research projects. The report comprises the following chapters: survey overview; survey respondent attributes; project formation and basic structure; motivations and opportunities of project creation; project management; project inputs (personnel and funding); and project results and spillover effects, etc. The study obtained the following basic important findings:
1) university-industry collaborative project as bridge builders;
2) needs and sources of seeds for university-industry partnerships;
3)diversity in research sources utilized in project;
4) the importance of domestic sources of knowledge in the project and the importance of university-industry partnership toward domestic industry;
5) characteristics of researchers participating in university-industry collaborative project;
6) characteristics of application for university-industry co-inventions;
7) university-industry partner matching;
8) management integration in university-industry collaborative project;
9) project inputs (personnel and funding);
10) relationship between sources of funding for pre-research and university-industry collaborative project;
11) university-industry collaborative project results and commercialization;
12) results in improving research capabilities in university-industry collaborative project and frequency of follow-up research;
13) achievement level of initial goals through project execution.

This Note aims to obtain an overview of the current trend of studies on the measurements of economic and social impacts of research and development investments. Research materials were obtained using keywords related to the research areas since the year 2000.

NISTEP has been investigating how to develop of sustainable saving electricity since 2011. In March 2011, we were concern about blackout in Tokyo area because of the two nuclear power plant utility firms in Fukushima suffered extensive damage from the March 11th disaster. The Japanese government is asking industries, local governments, embassy and also households to save power in various ways. Fortunately, because of huge those efforts by all sectors, we didn’t get any blackout without plan. However, many people especially who is working for industries against to keep continue those conditions such as working time shift, changing air conditioning operation system etc. that deeply relating life style. Also, it’s difficult to keep such patience a long time.
Based on those circumstances, we investigated the real condition about such saving electricity and we discussed the sustainable saving electricity by the expert. Furthermore, through Delphi and a Scenario investigation, we grasped what kind of things a sustainable saving electricity of technology and system, also we examined the prospects to the future about sustainable saving electricity based on those result.

We examine the effects of R&D spillovers on total factor productivity in a comprehensive panel of Japanese manufacturing plants matched with R&D survey data, 1987-2007. We simultaneously examine the role of public (university) and private R&D spillovers, while focusing on differential effects due to technological, geographic and relational (buyer-supplier and capital) proximity. We find positive effects of technologically and geographically proximate private R&D and technologically related public R&D stock. Especially, the effects of public R&D spillovers are more salient for a plant of which parent firm is more R&D intensive. We also find evidence of positive R&D spillovers from supplier’s and customers’ R&D which is enhanced by capital relationships.

Building a mechanism of science and technology innovation activities in a region is required, which is to make use of the characteristics and strengths of regions and can be deployed autonomously. Therefore, universities are expected to work with such local companies as a member of the local community, and to contribute to the construction of a regional innovation system. Then, in order to clarify the achievements and issues of the industry-academia collaboration in region, the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) conducted research on industry-academia collaboration to target the manufacturing industry in Kagoshima Prefecture as a case study in fiscal year 2011 (Sotohebo-Nakatake 2012). In 2012 we conducted a questionnaire survey by mail to target the 700 manufacturing companies to put headquarters, factories, and offices in Nagano prefecture, and the survey was obtained valid responses of 298 companies (42.6% response rate).Of the respondents of this survey, there is more than half (51.4%)companies had experience of cooperation with academia. Many companies initiated the industry-academia collaboration from 2005. There are 108 companies which had cooperation with Shinshu University. This is 36.2% of the total answer. In Shinshu University, research and development has been more active. In the evaluation of a result of industry-academia collaboration, improvement of technical level is high. The companies have accumulated experience of industry-academia collaboration, and they have improved the capabilities of research and development. At the same time, they have improved their capacity of the exploration of technology. Therefore, it might be said that local firms will not rely on only universities in the same region. It might be possible that there search ability of university and technical college can be developed, according to keep relationship with such technology intensive companies and to respond the pioneering needs of such companies.