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In recent years the number of academic papers being published on research and development has
been increasing more slowly in Japan than in other leading nations. One of the reasons for this
may be the low ratio of internationally-collaborated articles in Japan, which tend to have more
citations than those written by domestic groups or individuals. However, up until now two major
themes have still not been investigated: factors related to international co-authorship and the
international mobility of researchers, and the reasons behind the higher citation rates of
internationally-collaborated articles. Therefore, this study examines those two themes by
empirical analysis using two types of datasets created through use of the Web of Knowledge
provided by Thomson Reuters. One of the results gained from analysis on papers published in the
past 20 years in Nature and Science using a count data regression model indicated several factors
that have a positive relationship with the production of academic papers: investment on R&D and
the number of researchers, the number of international students, and European Union membership.
The mobility of international researchers had a positive relationship with the number of
researchers at the transfer locations. Analysis using a database of papers in the field of chemistry
showed positive correlations between research performance (number of papers and their times
cited) and the degree of international collaboration. These tendencies appear to be common in
Japan, as well as in the United States, the United Kingdom, and China.

Building a mechanism of science and technology innovation activities in a region is required, which is to make use of the strengths and characteristics of regions and can be deployed autonomously. Therefore, universities are expected to work with such local companies as a member of the local community, and to contribute to the construction of a regional innovation system. Then, in order to clarify the achievements and issues of the industry academic collaboration in region, the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy(NISTEP) conducted research on industry-academia collaboration to target the manufacturing industry in Kagoshima Prefecture as a case study in fiscal year 2011 (Sotohebo-Nakatake 2012). In 2012 we conducted a questionnaire 2 survey by mail to target the 2900manufacturing companies to put headquarters, factories, and offices in Chukyo area which includes Aichi Prefecture, Gifu Prefecture and Mie Prefecture, and the survey was obtained valid responses of 694companies (23.9% response rate).Chukyo area is the leading industry agglomerations of manufacturing industry of Japan, in which companies has positively conducted development of new products and technologies. And these companies are willing to do industry-academia collaboration mainly in Aichi Prefecture. There are not only varieties of public universities but also a lot of private universities in Chukyo area, thus local resources are also plentiful. In order to activate more industry-academia collaboration in the future, the universities and national technology collages should establish their own specialties. Moreover, instead of restricted their industry-academia collaboration activities within the prefectural area, it should be necessary to mutually lending resources each other in Chukyo area.

In order to provide evidence for science, technology and innovation policy, this study aims to make a
method for quantitative analysis of economic and social impacts caused by government investment in
science and technology. This paper discusses a method to estimate economic and environmental impacts of
new industries in the future created by science and technology innovation. We have taken up renewable
energy that is expected as a new growing industry in the future, then estimated direct and indirect effects of
output, employment, energy consumption and CO2 emission in terms of the construction of renewable
energy power plants by input-output analysis. The estimated results show that the indirect effect of
employment is smaller than the direct effect. Meanwhile, the indirect effects of energy consumption and
CO2 emission are larger than the direct effects. Analysis on every industrial sector identified influential
sectors for direct and indirect effects, which suggest the research and development for reducing costs,
energy consumption and CO2 emission in power plant construction. Furthermore, comprehensive analysis
on economic and environmental impacts suggests ways of research and development for power plant
construction to reduce the costs, energy consumption and CO2 emission with attention of domestic

NISTEP expert survey on Japanese S&T and innovations system (NISTEP TEITEN survey)
aims to track the status of S&T and innovation system in Japan through the survey to Japanes e
experts and researchers in universities, public research institutions, and private firms. The
survey revealed the experts’ increasing concern to the current status of Japanese universities,
such as the shortage of young scholars; decreasing trends of time for research; decreasing of
block fund of national universities; and slow advancement of internationalization. The status
varies across the field of science and technology and the size of universities . In addition to this,
bibliometric studies of scientific publication show decreasing of presence of Japan in scientific
publications in the world.
The workshop on the TEITEN survey was held in order to understand how the issues found in
the TEITEN survey are interrelated and to discuss what kind of measures should be taken to
raise the position of Japan in scientific publications. This report records discussions in the
workshop and summarizes messages gotten from the workshop.

In this paper, we investigate differences in innovation activities between firms with international
activities and firms without such activities, utilizing the firm-level data underlying the Japanese
National Innovation Surveys for 2003 and 2009. We quantitatively examine the factors which account
for differences in innovation output depending on the mode of international activities, employing the
innovation accounting framework proposed by Mairesse and Mohnen (2001, 2002) and Mohnen,
Mairesse, and Dagenais (2006).
We find that internationally engaged firms use more innovation inputs and generate more innovation
output. In particular, firms with R&D establishments abroad show the best innovation performance,
followed, in that order, by firms with both sales and production establishments abroad, firms with
overseas sales only, and firms with production establishments abroad only. We further find that a
significant part of the higher innovation performance of firms with international activities can be
explained by their greater intra-group or intra-firm knowledge spillovers, R&D intensity, perceived
competitive pressure, and proximity to basic research. However, more importantly, firms with
international activities are much more efficient in innovation when measuring innovation output in
terms of the sales turnover of innovative products. Although engagement in international activities
itself does not raise the probability that a firm successfully develops a new product or process, it
greatly increases the sales amount of innovative products.

On May 21, 2012, an annular solar eclipse, a very rare celestial phenomenon, was observed across Japan.
We conducted web surveys in June 2012, August 2012, and December 2012 to figure out the effects of this annular solar eclipse on public awareness of science and technology in Japan.
Our results suggest that the general public showed increasing interest in space and celestial bodies, and that children are highly interested in science.

Shinya Yamanaka, a stem cell biologist at Kyoto University, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on October 8, 2012, from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden.
We conducted web surveys in November 2012, January 2013, and March 2013 to figure out the effects of the Nobel Prize win by Japanese scientists on public awareness of science and technology in Japan.
Our results suggest that women, in particular, showed increasing interest in the topics of the science and technology. Furthermore, children showed growing interest in research-oriented jobs.